I was looking for a way to create a system generated CVE, or errata, list for a production change request today. I recall this being easier on RHN (Red Hat Network) portal, in the past. That has changed so much, I don’t even know where to look, and apparently cannot list more than 10 errata issues per-page.
So as I searched for a way to generate this report, I came across
two yum plugins I have overlooked in the past. The
yum-changelog plugins. Assuming you have a change request process
involving two identical servers,
production you can use these two
plugins to generate change request documentation.
yum-security plugin will generate a compact list of RedHat Bug/Security IDs,
or even long-format issue reports, applicable to your production machine.
yum-changelog plugin can generate a list of what issues were just patched on
the test machine, and be submitted as part of the chnage request documentation
for the production machine. The
yum-changelog plugin needs the package
python-dateutil for full functionality.
yum -y install yum-security yum-changelogi python-dateutil
Generate an errata list, or display issue reports.
yum list-sec to generate a short-format errata list. Some
third party packages may not be included in the list as they are probably
lacking necessary metadata.
[root@production]# yum list-sec RHBA-2013:1040 bugfix bash-3.2-32.el5_9.1.i386 RHSA-2013:0983 security curl-7.15.5-17.el5_9.i386 FEDORA-EPEL-2013-10647 bugfix dkms-220.127.116.11-8.el5.noarch FEDORA-EPEL-2013-10952 bugfix dkms-18.104.22.168-14.el5.noarch RHSA-2013:0981 security firefox-17.0.7-1.el5_9.i386 RHSA-2013:1140 security firefox-17.0.8-1.el5_9.i386 RHBA-2013:1039 bugfix gnome-vfs2-2.16.2-12.el5_9.i386 RHBA-2013:1039 bugfix gnome-vfs2-smb-2.16.2-12.el5_9.i386 RHSA-2013:1014 security java-1.6.0-openjdk-1:22.214.171.124-126.96.36.199.11.90.el5_9.i386 RHSA-2013:1014 security java-1.6.0-openjdk-devel-1:188.8.131.52-184.108.40.206.11.90.el5_9.i386 RHBA-2013:1123 bugfix libxml2-2.6.26-2.1.21.el5_9.3.i386 RHBA-2013:1123 bugfix libxml2-devel-2.6.26-2.1.21.el5_9.3.i386 RHBA-2013:1123 bugfix libxml2-python-2.6.26-2.1.21.el5_9.3.i386 RHSA-2013:1135 security nspr-4.9.5-1.el5_9.i386 RHSA-2013:1135 security nss-3.14.3-6.el5_9.i386 RHSA-2013:1135 security nss-tools-3.14.3-6.el5_9.i386 RHBA-2013:1128 bugfix poppler-0.5.4-19.el5_9.2.i386 RHBA-2013:1128 bugfix poppler-utils-0.5.4-19.el5_9.2.i386 RHSA-2013:1121 security sos-1.7-9.62.el5_9.1.noarch RHBA-2013:1091 bugfix sqlite-3.3.6-7.i386 RHEA-2013:1025 enhancement tzdata-2013c-2.el5.i386 RHEA-2013:1025 enhancement tzdata-java-2013c-2.el5.i386 RHSA-2013:0981 security xulrunner-17.0.7-1.el5_9.i386 RHSA-2013:1140 security xulrunner-17.0.8-3.el5_9.i386 list-sec done
yum info-security to generate a long-format issue report.
Here is a truncated output example.
[root@production]# yum info-security =============================================================================== bash bug fix update =============================================================================== Update ID : RHBA-2013:1040 Release : Type : bugfix Status : final Issued : 2013-07-10 00:00:00 Summary : Updated bash packages that fix one bug are now available for Red : Hat Enterprise Linux 5. Description : The GNU Bourne Again shell (Bash) is a shell and command : language interpreter compatible with the Bourne : shell (sh). Bash is the default shell for Red Hat : Enterprise Linux. : : This update fixes the following bug: : : * When a trap handler was invoked while running : another trap handler, which was invoked during a : pipeline call, bash was unresponsive. With this : update, pipeline calls are saved and : subsequently restored in this scenario, and bash : responds normally. (BZ#978840) : : Users of bash are advised to upgrade to these : updated packages, which fix this bug. Solution : Before applying this update, make sure all previously-released : errata relevant to your system have been applied. : : This update is available via the Red Hat Network. : Details on how to use the Red Hat Network to apply : this update are available at : https://access.redhat.com/site/articles/11258 Rights : Copyright 2013 Red Hat Inc
Generate a changelog after patching the test system.
According to my
/var/log/yum.log let us say I last patched this
system on 2013-7-18. I would generate a changelog of installed patches on
the test machine since that date, as follows.
[root@test]# yum -y upgrade ... [root@test]# yum changelog 2013-7-18 installed Listing changelogs since 2013-07-18 ==================== Installed Packages ==================== libxml2-2.6.26-2.1.21.el5_9.3.i386 installed * Tue Jul 23 18:00:00 2013 Daniel Veillard - 2.6.26-2.1.21.el5_9.3 - fixed one regexp bug and added a (rhbz#987321) - Another small change on the algorithm for the elimination of epsilon (rhbz#987321) poppler-0.5.4-19.el5_9.2.i386 installed * Tue Jul 30 18:00:00 2013 Marek Kasik - 0.5.4-19.el5_9.2 - Initialize variables correctly before their use - Resolves: #990097 * Tue Jul 30 18:00:00 2013 Marek Kasik - 0.5.4-19.el5_9.1 - Decode encoded streams before using them - Resolves: #990096 nss-3.14.3-6.el5_9.i386 installed * Tue Jul 23 18:00:00 2013 Elio Maldonado - 3.14.3-6 - Resolves: rhbz#986969 - nssutil_ReadSecmodDB() leaks memory firefox-17.0.8-1.el5_9.i386 installed * Wed Jul 31 18:00:00 2013 Martin Stransky - 17.0.8-1 - Update to 17.0.8 ESR dkms-220.127.116.11-14.el5.noarch installed * Mon Jul 22 08:00:00 2013 Simone Caronni - 18.104.22.168-14 - Remove systemd / SysV conversion as per new packaging guidelines. - Add patch for #986887 to force tarball creation. * Mon Jul 22 08:00:00 2013 Simone Caronni - 22.214.171.124-13 - Add fix for #986887; do not use lib64 for storing data as it was in 126.96.36.199-5. * Sun Jul 21 08:00:00 2013 Simone Caronni - 188.8.131.52-12 - Add patch for #986557. xulrunner-17.0.8-3.el5_9.i386 installed * Tue Aug 6 18:00:00 2013 Martin Stransky - 17.0.8-3 - Update to 17.0.8 ESR Build 2 - Disable strict aliasing - mozbz#821502 * Thu Aug 1 18:00:00 2013 Martin Stransky - 17.0.8-2 - Added fix for rhbz#990921 - firefox does not build with. required nss/nspr * Wed Jul 31 18:00:00 2013 Martin Stransky - 17.0.8-1 - Update to 17.0.8 ESR sos-1.7-9.62.el5_9.1.noarch installed * Mon Jul 22 18:00:00 2013 Bryn M. Reeves - 1.7-9.62.el5_9.1 - Remove anaconda-ks.cfg collection from general plug-in - Resolves: bz965807 changelog stats. 951 pkgs, 947 source pkgs, 12 changelogs
Even if you do not work in an environment with strict change control procedures.
yum-security plugin can be helpful to see what known bugs and security issues exist in your RHEL
environment. While the
yum-changelog also allows you to thoroughly examine what changes
you just made to your system.